Lesson – Science Vocabulary Maps

kids playing


Title: Science Vocabulary Maps
Grade: 5th Grade
Duration: 20 Minutes



Science – SC.5.P.13.1
Identify familiar forces that cause objects to move, such as pushes or pulls, including gravity acting on falling objects.

Language Arts – LAFS.5.RI.2.4
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 5 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

Essential Question

What makes objects move?


Position Force • Motion Balanced Forces • Unbalanced Forces • Gravity • Speed Acceleration Velocity • Pull • Push Mass • Friction • Magnet • Air Resistance Inertia

Background Information

Motion occurs when an object moves from one place to another. Motion is determined by the forces that act on the object. There are some movements that might cause other movements to take place. Things change when an object moves at the same speed and/or in a straight line. Things around us are constantly moving and changing.

Terms that go hand in hand with learning about motion:

  • Speed
  • Velocity
  • Acceleration
  • Force
  • Mass
  • Three Laws of Motion

Guiding Questions

  • What makes objects move?
  • What is the relationship between force and motion?
  • What types of forces can you identify?
  • What is needed to start an object moving?
  • How does the mass of an object influence motion?
  • How does friction affect a moving object?
  • How are speed, velocity, and acceleration related?
  • What forces cause objects to change their motion?
  • How do Newton’s laws explain the principles of force and motion?
  • How is momentum related to each of Newton’s 3 laws of motion?

Inquiry Type

Teacher Resources

Activity: Science Vocabulary Map

The following activity will promote vocabulary development. By using Vocabulary Maps students will think about these vocabulary terms in a different way. Increasing students’ vocabulary is essential in developing comprehension.



  1. Model for students how to complete Vocabulary Map.
  2. Pair up students.
  3. Pass out a vocabulary map to each pair.
  4. Teacher will assign each student a word.
  5. Students will work collaboratively with a partner to complete Vocabulary map for the assigned word.
  6. After all students have finished, have each pair present their word.